The reason for this topic is because we encountered two scorpions in our yard in one day, although they were dead, it is a bit freaky to find them here, although not uncommon.
There are about 2000 different species of scorpions, and they are found on all the continents except for Antarctica. They are closely related to spiders, mites and ticks. Only 30 – 40 of these species are known to be capable of killing a person with their venom. They have 8 legs and are easily recognized by their curved tail with the stinger on the end of it. The size ranges from .3 inches to 9 inches. The history of scorpions goes back before the age of dinosaurs and their appearance hasn’t changed much over the years, but they are now half the size of their ancestors. Yikes!! Their sting is painful and medical care may be required. Scorpions are nocturnal spending the day in a cool underground space. Scorpions are susceptible to being killed by birds, lizards, mice, opossums and rats. But Scorpions are capable of killing small lizard and mice. They typically eat insects but can slow their metabolism to where they can live on one insect for a year.
In reproduction the young are born one at a time after hatching and expelling its embryonic membrane. The brood is carried on its mothers back until they have one moult The size of the litter depends on the species and environmental factors. They can range from 2 to over 100, but the average litter is about 8.
To prevent being stung, work with leather gloves, wear long sleeves and pants, shake out clothing and shoes before putting them on. If you have a severe alleric reaction you should carry an Epipen and wear a medical id bracelet.
If you are stung by a scorpion you should see a doctor who will give you a strong antivenom medication. It is extremely painful and there are several symptoms including slurred speech, increased salivation, vomiting, shortness of breath, loss of muscle control, etc.
About 250,000 people in Mexico are stung by scorpions each year. Several dozen people die each year, and there are more than 200 different species in Mexico and 8 of them are considered a significant health risk. In the state of Jalisco the most common Scorpion is of the genus, Centruroides. The adult can be up to 3 1/2 inches long and of an opaque color.